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OPINTOJAKSO YLJe3: TALOUSTIETEEN METODOLOGIA
GENERAL POSTGRADUATE COURSE YLJe3: METHODOLOGY OF ECONOMICS

 
Opintojakso kuuluu Turun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulun jatkotutkintojen yleistieteellisiin opintoihin. Tavoitteena on havahtua huomaamaan, että taloudellisia ilmiöitä selitetään taloustieteessä monista eri näkökulmista ja eri menetelmillä. Opiskelija oppii joidenkin lähestymistapojen keskeisiä ajatuksia, tutkimustuloksia esimerkkitapauksissa sekä taloustieteen metodologian perusteita. Tavoitteena on myös saada ideoita väitöskirjatyöhön pääaineesta riippumatta. Toteutustapana on kuusi esseetyyppistä, kaikkiaan 12 artikkeliin perustuvaa noin 1500 sanan tehtävää, jotka perustuvat lähinnä alempana mainittuun kirjallisuuteen. Taustaksi voi lukea verkko-oppikirjasta Instituutiotaloustieteen perusteet liitteet 1 Taloustieteen opetuksen uudistamistarpeet ja 2 Ortodoksisen taloustieteen perustelut optimointioletukselle.

The aim is to help the student recognize that in economics a large number of points of view and methods are used while explaining economic phenomena. The student learns central ideas in selected approaches, some of their research results as well as fundamentals of economic methodology. An aim is also to find ideas for one’s dissertation, irrespective of the major subject. The course consists of six assignments, based mainly on the material below, that are given and commented through email.


HINTATEORIAN KLASSIKKO Classic of price theory
Hayek, F. A.: The Use of Knowledge in Society. American Economic Review 35(4), 1945. Also in: Individualism and Economic Order. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London 1949. (One of the Top 20 Articles published in the American Economic Review in 1911-2010, see AER 101(1), February 2011.

TRANSAKTIOKUSTANNUKSET Transaction costs
Casson, Mark: Making a Market. Chapter 6 in: The Entrepreneur, 2nd ed. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham 2003 (1st ed. 1982).

KÄYTTÄYTYMISTALOUSTIEDE: peukalosäännöt Behavioral economics
Gigerenzer, Gerd: Fast and Frugal Heuristics. Chapter 2 in: Rationality for Mortals: How People Cope with Uncertainty. Oxford University Press 2008.

KÄYTTÄYTYMISTALOUSTIEDE: tahdonheikkous Weakness of will
Benartzi, Shlomo & Richard H. Thaler: Heuristics and Biases in Retirement Savings Behavior. Journal of Economic Perspectives 21(3), Summer 2007.

NEUROTALOUSTIEDE Neuroeconomics
Clithero, John A., Dharol Tankersley & Scott A. Huettel: Foundations of Neuroeconomics: From Philosophy to Practice. PLOS Biology 6(11), 2008.
AND
Colin F. Camerer: The Potential of Neuroeconomics. Economics and Philosophy 24, 2008.

EVOLUUTIOTALOUSTIEDE Evolutionary economics
Nelson, Richard R. & Sidney G. Winter: Evolutionary Theorizing in Economics. Journal of Economic Perspectives 16(2), 2002.
AND
Pantzar, Mika: Miten innovaatiot jalkautuvat - tapaus sauvakävely. Tieteessä tapahtuu 23(3), 2005.

INSTITUUTIOT Institutions
Acemoglu, Daron, Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson: Institutions as a Fundamental Cause of Long-run Growth. In: Handbook of Economic Growth, Vol. 1A, ed. Philippe Aghion & Steven N. Durlauf. Elsevier, Amsterdam 2005. Only pp. 385-428.

INSTITUUTIOTALOUSTIEDE New institutional economics
Williamson, Oliver E.: Examining Economic Organization through the Lens of Contract. Industrial and Corporate Change 12(4), 2003.

KONSTITUUTIOTALOUSTIEDE Constitutional economics
Brennan, Geoffrey & James M. Buchanan: The Constitutional Imperative (chapter 1) and The Contractarian Vision (chapter 2 ) in: The Reason of Rules. Constitutional Political Economy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1985.

OIKEUSTALOUSTIEDE Law and economics
Posner, Richard A.: Intellectual Property: The Law and Economics Approach. Journal of Economic Perspectives 19(2), 2005.
Alternatively you can read
Lemley, Mark A. & Philip J. Weiser: Should Property or Liability Rules Govern Information. Texas Law Review 85(4), March 2007. Only pp. 783-824.

PSYKOLOGINEN OIKEUSTALOUSTIEDE Behavioral law and economics
Sunstein, Cass R.: Empirically Informed Regulation. University of Chicago Law Review 78(4), 2011. Only pp. 1349-1412, no footnotes nor appendices.

SOSIAALINEN PÄÄOMA Social capital
Fukuyama, Francis: Social Capital, Civil Society and Development. Third World Quarterly 22(1), 2001.
AND
Gonin, Michael, Guido Palazzo & Ulrich Hoffrage: Neither Bad Apple Nor Bad Barrel: How the Societal Context Impacts Unethical Behavior in Organizations. Business Ethics: A European Review 21(1), January 2012.

SOSIAALINEN PÄÄOMA: yhteiskäyttöresurssit Common-pool resources
Ostrom, Elinor: Collective Action and the Evolution of Social Norms. Journal of Economic Perspectives 14(3), Summer 2000.

SOSIAALINEN PÄÄOMA: pankkiluotot Bank lending
Ferrary, Michel: Trust and Social Capital in the Regulation of Lending Activities. Journal of Socio-Economics 31(6), 2003.

OIKEUDENMUKAISUUS Fairness
Konow, James: Which Is the Fairest One of All? A Positive Analysis of Justice Theories. Journal of Economic Literature 41, December 2003. Only pp. 1188-1215.

MORAALITUNNOT Moral sentiments
Smith, Adam: The Theory of Moral Sentiments, ed. D. D. Raphael & A. L. Macfie. Liberty Fund, Indianapolis 1984 (1759), Part I, Section I, Chapters I-V; Part III, Chapters I-II. Finnish translation: Moraalituntojen teoria, transl. Matti Norri. Kautelaari, Helsinki 2003.

PSYKOLOGINEN MAKROTALOUSTIEDE Behavioral macroeconomics
Akerlof, George A.: Behavioral Macroeconomics and Macroeconomic Behavior. American Economic Review 92(3), 2002.

ITÄVALTALAINEN SUHDANNETEORIA Austrian theory of cycles
Mises, Ludwig von: Interest, Credit Expansion, and the Trade Cycle. In: Human Action. A Treatise on Economics, 3rd ed. Contemporary Books, Chicago 1966 (1st ed. 1949). Scholar's Edition. Only chapters XX.1-7 (pp. 535-568).

YRITYKSEN TALOUSTEORIAT Theories of the firm
Foss, Nicolai J.: Research in the Strategic Theory of the Firm: ‘Isolationism’ and ‘Integrationism’. Journal of Management Studies 36(6), November 1999.

YRITYKSEN KYVYKKYYDET Capabilities of firms
Teece, David & Gary Pisano & Amy Shuen: Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management. Strategic Management Journal 18(7), August 1997. Also in: Managing Strategic Innovation and Change. A Collection of Readings, ed. Michael L. Tushman & Philip Anderson. Oxford University Press, New York 2004.
Alternatively you can read a newer paper
Augier, Mie & David J. Teece: Strategy as Evolution with Design: The Foundations of Dynamic Capabilities and the Role of Managers in the Economic System. Organization Studies 29(8-9), 2008. Another version in: David J. Teece: Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management. Oxford University Press, New York 2009.

RAJOITETTU VASTUU Limited liability
Ireland, Paddy: Limited Liability, Shareholder Rights and the Problem of Corporate Irresponsibility. Cambridge Journal of Economics 34(5), September 2010.

TALOUSHISTORIA New economic history
Greif, Avner: Reputation and Coalitions in Medieval Trade: Evidence on the Maghribi Traders. Journal of Economic History 49(4), December 1989.

TALOUSMAANTIEDE JA POLKURIIPPUVUUS New economic geography
MacKinnon, Danny et al.: Evolution in Economic Geography: Institutions, Political Economy, and Adaptation. Economic Geography 85(2).
AND
Paul A. David: Clio and the Economics of QWERTY. American Economic Review 75(2), 1985.

ITÄVALTALAINEN TALOUSTIEDE Austrian economics
Kirzner, Israel M.: Entrepreneurial Discovery and the Competitive Market Process: An Austrian Approach. Journal of Economic Literature 35(1), March 1997. Also in: The Driving Force of the Market. Essays in Austrian Economics. Routledge, London 2000.

FEMINIINITALOUSTIEDE Feminist economics
Meagher, Gabrielle & Julie A. Nelson: Survey Article: Feminism in the Dismal Science. Journal of Political Philosophy 12(1), 2004.

METODOLOGIA: klassikko Classic of economic methodology
Friedman, Milton: The Methodology of Positive Economics. In: The Philosophy of Economics. An Anthology, ed. Daniel M. Hausman. Cambridge University Press 1994 (originally 1953).

METODOLOGIA: taloustieteen määritelmä Definition of economics
Backhouse, Roger E. & Steve G. Medema: Defining Economics: The Long Road to Acceptance of the Robbins Definition. Economica 76 Supplement, 2009.
AND
Blinder, Alan: Teaching Macro Principles after the Financial Crisis. Journal of Economic Education 41(4), 2010.

METODOLOGIA: valtavirran muuntuminen Changing mainstream
Colander, David, Richard Holt & Barkley Rosser Jr.: The Changing Face of Mainstream Economics. Review of Political Economy 16(4), 2004.
AND
Colander, David: The Lost Art of Economics. Journal of Economic Perspectives 6(3), 1992.

METODOLOGIA: valtavirran vaihtoehto Proposal for a new mainstream
Hodgson, Geoffrey M.: Evolutionary and Institutional Economics as the New Mainstream? Evolutionary and Institutional Economics Review 4(1), September 2007. Only pp. 7-14.
AND
Hodgson, Geoffrey M.: The Evolution of Morality and the End of Economic Man. Journal of Evolutionary Economics 24(1), 2014. Only pp. 83-95.


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